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National Parks in Bhutan


Bhutan’s National Park system was established to protect important ecosystems. Corridors between the nine areas were created in 1999 when an additional 3,800 square km were designated as protected. The parks also help to preserve Bhutanese culture and traditions. The parks are not designed for tourism.

Jigme Dorji National Park

At 4,329 sq km Jigme Dorji National Park is the largest protected area in the country protecting western Paro, Thimpu, Punakha, and most of Gasa. The park is home to many endangered species, including the snow leopard, takin, blue sheep, tiger, musk deer, red panda, and the Himalayan black bear. More than 300 species of birds have been identified. Three trekking routes cross the park.

Royal Manas National Park

Royal Manas National Park in south central Bhutan is 1023 sq km. The park adjoins Black Mountains National Park and India’s Manas National Park and Tiger Reserve together creating 5,000 sq km of protected area from the south to the Himalayas in the north. It is home to rhinos, buffalos, tigers, leopards, gaurs, bears, elephants and several species of deer. Rare species found here include the golden langur, capped langur, pygmy hog, and hispid hare. Four varieties of hornbill are among the 362 species of birds in the park.

Black Mountains National Park

The Black Mountains National Park covers an area of 1,400 sq km protecting the forests of the middle hills. Animals found in the park include tigers, Himalayan black bears, leopards, red pandas, gorals, serows, sambars, wild pigs, and golden langurs, and 449 species of birds. The black-necked crane winters in the park.

Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary

This 278 sq km park protects Bhutan’s only natural sal forest. Protected species found in the park include the axis deer, chital, elephant, guar, tiger, golden langur, and hornbill. The park is on the southern border 50 km east of Pheuntsholing.

Thrumshing La National Park

The 768 sq km park between Bumthan and Mongar protects temperate forests of fir and chir pine. Red pandas and many endangered birds are found in the park.

Bomdeling Wildlife Sanctuary

Covering 1,300 sq km Bomdeling Wildlife Sanctuary protects most of Trashi Yangste Dzongkhag including a large area of alpine tundra. Home to blue sheep, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, tiger, red panda, and musk deer. The Bomdeling area is a roosting place for the black-necked crane. Lying on the eastern border it adjoins a planned park in Arunachal Pradesh, India.

Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary

Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary is the only place in the world dedicated to protecting the habitat of the yeti. This 650 sq km park in eastern Bhutan is comprised of temperate forest of blue pine and rhododendron. It adjoins a planned reserve in India.

Khaling Wildlife Sanctuary

Khaling Wildlife Sanctuary in south eastern Bhutan covers 273 sq km and is home to wild elephants, gaurs, pygmy hogs, and hispid hares. The reserve adjoins another in India.

Torsa Strict Nature Reserve

The only reserve with no human inhabitants Torsa Reserve is in western Haa district, where the Torsa river enters from Tibet. It protects temperate forests and alpine meadows.


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